If one came into my office with a mood disorder (regardless of additional diagnoses), I would assess the following as part of their assessment and, ultimately, diagnosis(es):
- Their sleep patterns and sleep hygiene;
- Their relationship with food;
- Their relationship with substances;
- How much they move/exercise; and
- Their compliance with any other health professional’s recommendations.
Most people with mood disorders struggle with these areas of their lives as part of their illness or to cope with their illness. Loss or increase in appetite, hypersomnia (i.e., sleeping too much) and insomnia (e.g., inability to fall asleep or intrusive wakefulness) all are diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder. In addition, patients who struggle with depression, anxiety or post-traumatic stress can use food or substances to cope with unwanted emotions and their resulting symptoms. As a psychotherapist, looking at how people cope can tell us much about underlying emotional disturbances. Said another way, if one is in a good space in life, they sleep well, eat for fuel and the occasional indulgence, do not abuse substances and maintain or increase their health through activity and following health provider recommendations.
So why don’t people with mood disorders do what is recommended to them to manage their health?! Because their life is one big Whack-a-Mole game of managing different, sometimes conflicting symptoms. There’s another reason: most suck at structure. (You know who you are.) If they are so depressed that they cannot get out of bed in the morning, imagine trying to go to bed “on time” that night. These patients laugh in my face when I ask about their sleep schedule. I could spend the next 500 words, providing examples on how some patients hate – even are oppositional toward – structure, but I have to stick to today’s topic: The Treatment Plan.
For the next 365 days, I am going to follow every single one of the recommendations that I make to my patients.
My immediate response to typing that sentence: “FML”, which I imagine that I will be uttering much during the next 365 days. However, I truly want to “walk the talk” as a healthcare provider. I also want to be the best damn version of me for however many years I have left on this planet. So, here it goes.
1. Sleep hygiene
Go to bed on time (22:30) and wake up on time (05:30) six days a week. No reading backlit screens after 22:00. One 30-minute nap on one weekend day is acceptable, but not recommended.
Degree of difficulty: 10/10
Meditate for a minimum of 15 minutes per day. Lying in bed for 15 additional minutes to “meditate” does not count. (That hurt.)
Degree of difficulty: 4/10
3. No added sugar or artificial sweeteners
To clarify, naturally occurring sugars, such as in fruit, are allowed. (More on this recommendation to my self and some of my patients to come … )
Degree of difficulty: 7/10 (A 10/10 if I am around my dear friend who is an excellent baker.)
4. No ETOH (i.e., alcohol) or other substances
Nerd alert: I have never tried or done an illegal substance or something not prescribed to me. So, I will be abstaining from the one substance that I do use: ETOH.
Degree of difficulty: 9/10
5. Close all the rings on my Apple Watch
This equates to seven 30-minute workouts per week, twelve hours of standing for at least one minute and meeting a daily caloric “move” goal (currently 800 calories). One doesn’t need an Apple Watch to measure these activity or movement goals, but it’s a consistent, workable measure for me.
Degree of difficulty: 2/10
6. Follow doctors’ orders.
If I’m prescribed a medication that I agree to, I will take it. If a physician orders a test, I will do schedule and complete it. I will not cancel my dental cleanings. (I hate going to the dentist.)
That’s it in a nutshell. It – like my stubborn head – likely is going to be very hard to crack.